alexei petrovich, tsarevich of russia

Peter I interrogates Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich at Peterhof, history painting by Nikolai Ge, 1871, Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. He was accompanied throughout his journey by Afrosinia. The wedding was celebrated at Torgau, Germany, on 14 October 1711 (O.S.). At the end of 1709, Alexei went to Dresden for one year. However, Peter had wished his son and heir to dedicate himself to the service of new Russia, and demanded from him unceasing labour in order to maintain Russia's new wealth and power. The worst that could be brought against him was that he had wished his father's death. In 1703, Alexei was ordered to follow the army to the field as a private in a bombardier regiment. 26 June] 1718), was a Russian Tsarevich. Peter had already determined to institute a most searching inquisition in order to get at the bottom of the mystery of the flight. the old domains. (Credit: Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images) Like many children of European monarchs, Alexei … In 1703, Alexei was ordered to follow the army to the field as a private in a bombardier regiment. On 26 June (O.S. The young Alexei was brought up by his mother, who fostered an atmosphere of disdain towards his father, the Tsar. 18 February] 1690 – 7 July [O.S. In 1703, Alexei was ordered to follow the army to the field as a private in a bombardier regiment. After the birth of Natalia in 1714, Alexei brought his long-time Finnish serf mistress Afrosinia[1] to live in the palace. 26 June] 1718), was a Russian Tsarevich. On 18 February a "confession" was extorted from Alexei which implicated most of his friends, and he then publicly renounced the succession to the throne in favour of the baby grand-duke Peter Petrovich. Three weeks later, the bridegroom was hurried away by his father to Toruń to superintend the provisioning of the Russian troops in Poland. On 31 January 1718, the tsarevich reached Moscow. After the birth of Natalia in 1714, Alexei brought his long-time Finnish serf mistress Afrosinia[1] to live in the palace. He insisted on separate apartments and ignored her in public. Alexei's servants were beheaded or had their tongues cut out. Peter had already determined to institute a searching inquisition in order to get at the bottom of the mystery of the flight. Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with no article parameter, Articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Recipients of the Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Charlotte Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Princess Charlotte of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Alexei_Petrovich,_Tsarevich_of_Russia?oldid=5139907, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls, Portrait of Alexei by Johann Gottfried Tannauer, c. 1712-16, Russian Museum, Saint Petersburg. In the eyes of Peter, his son was now a self-convicted and most dangerous traitor, whose life was forfeit. "Why haven't you written to tell me what you thought about her?" On the day of the funeral, Peter sent Alexei a stern letter, urging him to take interest in the affairs of the state. On 11 October 1715, Charlotte died, after giving birth to a son, the grand-duke Peter, future tsar Peter II. Rather than face this ordeal, Alexei fled to Vienna and placed himself under the protection of his brother-in-law, the emperor Charles VI, who sent him for safety first to the Tirolean fortress of Ehrenberg (near Reutte), and finally to the castle of Sant'Elmo at Naples. Alexei despised his father and repeatedly thwarted Peter's plans to raise him as successor to the throne. In 1704, he was present at the capture of Narva. One of the terms of the marriage contract agreed to by Alexei was that while any forthcoming children were to be raised in the Orthodox faith, Charlotte herself was allowed to retain her Protestant faith, an agreement opposed by Alexei's followers. It was an additional misfortune for Alexei that his father should have been too busy to attend to him just as he was growing up from boyhood to manhood. The whole matter was solemnly submitted to a grand council of prelates, senators, ministers and other dignitaries on 13 June 1718 (O.S.). He was born in Moscow, the son of Tsar Peter I and his first wife, Eudoxia Lopukhina. In April 1718 fresh confessions were extorted from, and in regard to, Alexei. But there was no getting over the fact that his father had sworn to pardon him and let him live in peace if he returned to Russia. His wife joined him at Toruń in December, but in April 1712 a peremptory ukase ordered him off to the army in Pomerania, and in the autumn of the same year he was forced to accompany his father on a tour of inspection through Finland. As for the marriage itself, the first 6 months went well but quickly became a failure within the next 6 months. However, Peter had wished his son and heir to dedicate himself to the service of new Russia, and demanded from him unceasing labour in order to maintain Russia's new wealth and power. This was the last commission entrusted to him, since Peter had not been satisfied with his son's performance and his lack of enthusiasm. Alexei was drunk constantly and Alexei pronounced his bride "pock-marked" and "too thin". However, Peter had wished his son and heir to dedicate himself to the service of new Russia, and demanded from him unceasing labour in order to maintain Russia's new wealth and power. Alexei Petrovich, Tsarevich of Russia, heir to the Russian throne, was the elder of the two sons of Peter I (the Great), Emperor of All Russia and his first wife Eudoxia Feodorovna Lopukhina. One of the terms of the marriage contract agreed to by Alexei was that while any forthcoming children were to be raised in the Orthodox faith, Charlotte herself was allowed to retain her Protestant faith (an agreement that did not sit well at all with Alexei's followers). The young Alexei was brought up by his mother, who fostered an atmosphere of disdain towards his father, the Tsar. Peter would agree but on the condition that Alexei remove himself as a dynastic threat and become a monk. In 1704, he was present at the capture of Narva. From the ages of 6 to 9, Alexei was educated by his tutor Vyazemsky, but after the removal of his mother by Peter the Great to the Suzdal Intercession Convent, Alexei was confined to the care of educated 26 June] 1718), was a Russian Tsarevich. Alexei's relations with his father suffered from the hatred between his father and his mother, as it was very difficult for him to feel affection for his mother's worst persecutor. This page was last changed on 23 April 2019, at 13:31. In winter I shall live in Moscow, and in summer in Iaroslavl.". Immediately on his return from Finland, Alexei was dispatched by his father to Staraya Russa and Lake Ladoga to see to the building of new ships. With his death in 1730, the direct male-line of the House of Romanov became extinct. "Why haven't you written to tell me what you thought about her?" Peter threatened to cut him off if he did not acquiesce in his father's plans. He was born in Moscow, the son of Tsar Peter I and his first wife Eudoxia Lopukhina. Peter Alexeyevich would succeed as Tsar Peter II in 1727. In winter I shall live in Moscow, and in summer. Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich of Russia, son of Peter the Great. In theory, Alexei could have refused the marriage, and he had been encouraged by his father to at least meet his intended. A horrible reign of terror ensued, in the course of which the ex-tsaritsa Eudoxia was dragged from her monastery and publicly tried for alleged adultery, while all who had in any way befriended Alexei were impaled or broken on the wheel while having their flesh torn with red-hot pincers or their bare backs or bare feet slowly roasted over burning coals, and were otherwise lingeringly done to death. A brutal reign of terror ensued, in the course of which the ex-tsaritsa Eudoxia was dragged from her monastery and publicly tried for alleged adultery, while all who had in any way befriended Alexei were impaled or broken on the wheel while having their flesh torn with red-hot pincers on their bare backs or bare feet slowly roasted over burning coals, and were otherwise lingeringly done to death. Nevertheless, Peter made one last effort to "reclaim" his son. In 1704, he was present at the capture of Narva. In April 1718 fresh confessions were extorted from, and in regard to, Alexei. Painful relations between father and son, quite apart from the prior personal antipathies, were therefore inevitable. This was the last commission entrusted to him, since Peter had not been satisfied with his son's performance and his lack of enthusiasm. The clergy, for their part, declared the Tsarevich Alexei, "...had placed his Confidence in those who loved the ancient Customs, and that he had become acquainted with them by the Discourses they held, wherein they had constantly praised the ancient Manners, and spoke with Distaste of the Novelties his Father had introduced.". Alexei Petrovich Romanov (Russian: Алексей Петрович) (28 February [O.S. This difficult task was accomplished by Count Peter Tolstoi, the most subtle and unscrupulous of Peter's servants. At this period, the preceptors of the Tsarevich had the highest opinion of his ability. That the emperor sincerely sympathized with Alexei, and suspected Peter of harbouring murderous designs against his son, is plain from his confidential letter to George I of Great Britain, whom he consulted on this delicate affair. His wife joined him at Toruń in December, but in April 1712 a peremptory ukase ordered him off to the army in Pomerania, and in the autumn of the same year he was forced to accompany his father on a tour of inspection through Finland. Peter Alexeyevich would succeed as the Emperor Peter II in 1727. He was left in the hands of reactionary boyars and priests, who encouraged him to hate his father and wish for the death of the Tsar. He was left in the hands of reactionary boyars and priests, who encouraged him to hate his father and wish for the death of the Tsar. Three weeks later, the bridegroom was hurried away by his father to Toruń to superintend the provisioning of the Russian troops in Poland. That the emperor sincerely sympathized with Alexei, and suspected Peter of harbouring murderous designs against his son, is plain from his confidential letter to George I of Great Britain, whom he consulted on this delicate affair. ), he was subject to fifteen more. All this was done to terrorize the reactionaries and isolate the tsarevich. This difficult task was accomplished by Count Peter Tolstoi, the most subtle and unscrupulous of Peter's servants.

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