———. These typically short, free verse poems—which had clear precursors in the concise, image-focused poems of ancient Greek lyricists and Japanese haiku poets—moved away from fixed meters and moral reflections, subordinating everything to what Hulme once called the “hard, dry image.”. Hulme, T. E. “Autumn.” Ripostes, edited by Ezra Pound. Pound ultimately had very little at stake in his bickering with Lowell, although he launched a series of attacks on her and her publisher just prior to the publication of her first imagist anthology. I am having difficulty finding any materials comparing H. D. (Hilda Doolittle) and Ezra Pound. This was the sort of poetry she had been unknowingly striving to write. . Imagist poetry is defined by directness, economy of language, avoidance of generalities, and a hierarchy of precise phrasing over adherence to poetic meter. New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1912. Flint, F. Cudworth. During her visit to England in 1914, Lowell found Pound surprisingly detached from imagism and so immersed in vorticism that her questions about the former were met variously with rudeness and indifference. What are the main themes of Imagist poets? It is the presentation of such a “complex” instantaneously which gives that sense of sudden liberation; that sense of freedom from time limits and space limits; that sense of sudden growth, which we experience in the presence of the greatest works of art. Pound’s definition of the image was “that which presents an intellectual and emotional complex in an instant of time.” He said, “It is the presentation of such a ‘complex’ instantaneously which gives the sense of sudden liberation; that sense of freedom from time limits and space limits; that sense of sudden growth, which we experience in the presence of the greatest works of art.” In March 1913, Poetry published “A Few Don’ts by an Imagiste.” In it, imagist poet F. S. Flint, quoting Pound, defined the tenets of imagist poetry: I. New York: Knopf, 1918. The photographer captures a single, still moment in life. A reactionary movement against romanticism and Victorian poetry, imagism emphasized simplicity, clarity of expression, and precision through the use of exacting visual images. Maybe. Lowell particularly objected to Pound’s relatively weak commitment to imagism per se, to his tendency to champion serially one avant-garde movement after another, rather than consolidating and then evolving as an artist within a single movement over time. Given its subject matter, the poem remains, in typical imagist fashion, notably free from the kind of tone and rhythmic constraints characteristic of related works by, say, A. E. Housman, an English poet whom Pound would later satirize in his poem “Song in the Manner of Housman” (1911). The second one is an escape from the Romantic style of an unproblematic self and instead a movement through a directly addressed, equally unproblematic ideal reader. The compactness and immediacy of Pound’s poem recall the three imagist principles agreed to by Pound, H. D., and Richard Aldington in 1912: 1. “Imagism Revisited.” West-Coast-Line 27:3 (winter 1993–94): 110–130. It was in the pages of Poetry that Lowell first became acquainted with imagism, and the experience of reading H. D.’s poems profoundly altered the way in which she understood herself. That November, Pound himself used the term “Imagiste” in print for the first time when he published Hulme’s Complete Poetical Works. This imagist school owed much philosophically to Hulme, who is today best remembered as a neoclassical aesthetician, disciple, and translator of the French philosopher and Nobel Laureate Henri Bergson. Home › American Literature › Imagism in Poetry, By Nasrullah Mambrol on July 10, 2020 • ( 0 ). 2. Other early and more radical influences on the imagists included the symbolist poets, classical Greek and Roman poetry, and Chinese and Japanese verse forms, in particular the haiku, or hokku. As regarding rhythm: to compose in sequence of the musical phrase, not in sequence of the metronome. This movement was strongly criticized and quickly died out. Whatever Miss Lowell’s virtues, succinctness, except sometimes in repartee, was not among them” (Flint 25). Monroe published work by many of the imagists Pound brought to her attention, perhaps most notably H. D., whose “Three Poems” can be found in Poetry’s January 1913 issue and are attributed somewhat grandly to “H. New York: New Directions, 1968, pp. The “image,” of course, remained central to imagist theory and practice throughout the existence of the movement and developed principally, though partially, from Hulme’s reading of Bergson’s metaphysics. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Hulme railed against what he understood to be a prevailing cultural romanticism, which in social philosophy encouraged sentimental optimism concerning the ultimate perfectibility of humankind and which led, in turn, to art that was soft and weakly expressive. The best way to discuss these characteristics is to look at Pound's quintessential imagist poem "In a Station on the Metro": The apparition of the wet faces in the crowd; This poem does not instruct. 3–14. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1969. It has been described as the most influential movement in English poetry since the Pre-Raphaelites. In the Arresting Eye: The Rhetoric of Imagism. It is a radiant node or cluster; … a VORTEX.”. He, and indeed poetry more generally, had moved on. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993, pp. It was a modern movement, so there was an attempt to move away from traditional poem … A strand of modernism, imagism aimed to replace abstractions with concrete details that could be further expounded upon through the use of figuration. The realization of this affinity with imagism drove Lowell to make contact first with Monroe, whom she persuaded to publish some of her work, then later with Pound in London. Indeed Lowell’s regular failure to adhere to the second of Pound’s 1912 strictures noticeably marks (some would say mars) her contributions to 1915’s Some Imagist Poets and is most striking in her contributions “The Travelling Bear” and “The Letter.” Pound read these works as indicative of Lowell’s lack of discipline as a poet and, consequently, of her failure as an imagist.
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