The Railway Safety Agency, in Spanish, Agencia Estatal de Seguridad Ferroviaria (AESF) is a Spanish government agency in the Ministry of Development (Spain). Everest: 21–22. -It will do so by operationalizing the Insurance Value of E, The Dietary Goals proposed by the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs in February 1977 have been translated into diets by U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) staff. Water as a security concern – conflict or cooperation? Accordingly, the book specific objectives are: (1) exploring the progress and links between water and food security in LAC, using prospective analysis and up to date literature; (2) investigating the role of the socio-economic ‘megatrends’ in LAC, identifying feedback processes between the region’s observed pattern of changes regarding key biophysical, economic and social variables linked to water and food security; and (3) reviewing the critical changes that are taking place in the institutional and governance water spheres, including the role of civil society, which may represent a promising means to advancing towards the goal of improving water security in LAC. The transfer of wealth, from old econo-, mies to new economies is happening at a speed and size (an, witnessed before, in the so called era of, these changes in the world balance have deep ethical implications for global water, in a relative solid position thanks to a relatively strong water and food security, main challenge lies on how to make the long term viability of water and food security, fit in with national and international environmental security, that water and food security are not at the expense of environmental capital, either, in Spain or as an external impact, through the import of food (virtual water) which, could affect the achievement of water and food security in other nations now linked, through international trade. To visit EL PAÍS with the best experience, update it to the latest version or download one of the following supported browsers: When Spain adopted the UN Sustainable Development goals in September 2015, it promised to halve food waste by 2030. An independent regulatory agency is a regulatory agency that is independent from other branches or arms of the government. The other 15.8% is tossed away after being cooked. The reinforcement of national and global governance schemes and their alignment on the achievement of true and universal human well-being is and will remain an inescapable prerequisite to the achievement of long-lasting security. The study showed that city schoolchildren's eating behaviours are far from optimal. (2010); calculation based on FAO (2009)). wide virtual water trade showed that the Spanish water footprint amounts to about, produced in Brazil and Argentina. T, eat 30% more animal proteins and 60% more processed food (sugar, food) and alcohol compared to the gold standard Mediterranean diet, a diet offi-, Mediterranean diet (left) and the current av, equilibrated nutritional balance (Padilla. Aranceta-Bartrina, J.; Serra-Majem, L.; Foz-Sala, M.; Moreno-Esteban, B. This paper presents a comprehensive review of the concept of water security, including both academic and policy literatures. The goal of this paper is to assess and compare the water footprint (WF) of two recommended diets (Mediterranean and American), and evaluate the water savings of possible dietary shifts in two countries: Spain and the United States (US). and consumption, impacting on agricultural production and water resources, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the, Assessment of the world food security and nutrition situation. The analysis indicates that the use of the term water security has increased significantly in the past decade, across multiple disciplines. and 2008 soybean production increased by 30% and exports grew by 22%, with the EU-27 and China In just 11 months, 450,000 people have signed up in 14 provinces,” says Zarzalejo. able from: http://ec.europa.eu/economy_finance/publications/publication13571_en.pdf, Diaz-Bonilla, E.; Thomas, M.; Robinson, S. & Cattaneo, A. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) is the agency of the European Union (EU) that provides independent scientific advice and communicates on existing and emerging risks associated with the food chain. The objective of NAIAD is to assess and demonstrate the insurance value of Nature Based Solutions in water related risk and resilience management (drought & floods). It is particularly well-suited to monitoring systems that meet principles recently identified by the Committee on World Food Security in the 2012 Global Strategic Framework for Food Security and Nutrition (CFS, 2012a). Yet, we argue that Almerían horticulture represents ‘weak ecological modernisation’ and its main sustainability challenges are posed by water scarcity, a demand led production rationale and the precarious situation of family farms that at present provide a degree of economic embeddedness in this highly industrialised production model. In 2013–14, the UK's Trussell Trust, a national network of food banks, provided emergency food aid to more than 900 000 adults and children, a 163% increase from the previous year.1 Greek, Spanish, and … The role of ethics in water and. It is also commonly referred to as the Government of the Nation, or simply the Government. Se o alimento fosse considerado como bem comum, as implicações para a governança do sistema alimentar global seriam enormes, com exemplos abrangendo desde a exclusão dos alimentos do conjunto de acordos voltados para lidar com bens privados puros, o banimento da especulação financeira sobre commodities alimentares até a preparação de acordos internacionais unificadores para governar a produção, distribuição e acesso ao alimento para todo ser humano. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Figure 2 offers a, conceptual diagram to consider all the different qualitative aspects of food security, The main initiatives taken on food safety in Spain so far refer to issues related, to food labelling, and risks associated with the whole food chain. Prevalencia de obesidad en España [Prevalence of obesity in Spain]. African schoolchildren's dietary habits are likely changing in the realm of the nutrition transition, particularly in urban areas, but data on their diet and on determinants are scanty. (Source: Yu et al. (1993). a case-by-case basis and cannot be generalised. An understanding of the ethical issues underlying water and food security is key to formulating solutions that truly contribute to their achievement. An affective neuroscience perspective. Further technical supervision is performed by the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and the Federal Ministry of Transport. Different dimensions of food security applied to Spain on the basis of F, ., 2012) and the potential securitization of water, , is seen as synonymous to providing resilient systems. A 2016 document from the Council of the European Union indicated that spoiled and wasted food accounts for one-fourth of all water used for agriculture, destroys biodiversity and costs the world economy $990 billion a year. The largest expansion The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. In 2018, Spanish homes threw out nearly 1.4 billion kilos/liters of food – 8.9% more than in 2017, breaking the downward trend of the previous two years. Generalized estimating equations (GEEs) were used to evaluate the effect of the intervention. For, example, according to Estrela (pers. Between 2002 Our study demonstrates that adopting diets based on a greater consumption of vegetables, fruits and fish, like the Mediterranean one, leads to major water savings. This paper seeks to capture the dynamics of achieving water security in a hypothetical water and growth “S-curve”, which illustrates how a minimum platform of investments in water institutions and infrastructure can produce a tipping point beyond which water makes an increasingly positive contribution to growth and how that tipping point will vary in different circumstances. ), ex deputy director for water planning, in Spain, the EU Directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of flood, risks, requires Member States to assess if all water courses and coast lines are at. As the most arid country in the European Union, water resources management in Spain is an issue as important as controversial. The Spanish Agency for Consumer Affairs, Food Security and Nutrition (AECOSAN) is a regulatory agency of the Government of Spain acting as the ultimate defender of consumer rights, promote food safety, and provide guarantees and objective information to consumers and economic agents of the Spanish agrifood industry. The link, can be interpreted as a feedback system between food consumption, production and, linkages with global agricultural production and water resources, which affect food, The concept of water security is relatively young, and has evolved since it first, appeared in the literature at around the turn of the 21st century, water security concept was approached from a physical perspective linked to national, potential cause of conflict between neighbouring countries. (Source: Own elaboration based on data from SENC (2005) and AESAN (2006)). ral capital or increasing the pressure on already stressed water ecosystems. cultural Economics, Michigan State University, ment of products protecting the health and the environment in the Mediterranean region, CIHEAM Analytic No. com2010-672_en.pdf [Accessed 8th February 2012]. As in other European countries, NAIAD - H2020 project (2017-2019) soybean producers and exporters. The State Agency for the Evaluation of Public Policies and Quality of Services (AEVAL), commonly known as The Evaluation and Quality Agency, was a Spanish public agency responsible for the promotion, performance evaluation, and impact analysis of public policies and programs. The name Federal Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection was adopted on 22 November 2005 simply to alphabetize its functional parts in the German language. these concepts mean for Spain and across scale linkages due to globalisation. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. of an average Spanish diet by 8%, which has been possible thanks the imports In, countries like Spain production and access are largely guaranteed, and food security, is linked to the idea of guarantying food safety and food nutrition. The Mediterranean region is one of the most vulnerable regions regarding the availability of water resources due to climate change and human activities. This evidences that in developing, countries efforts could be placed on increasing agricultural productivity to satisfy, the food demand from an increasing population. vol14/iss2/art32/ [Accessed 3rd April 2012]. food security: Balancing utilitarian and intangible values. Since The estimation and analysis of the water footprint of Spain, from a hydrological, economic and ecological perspective, is very useful to facilitate an efficient allocation of water and economic resources. Grey water in the US is 67% higher in comparison with Spain. -Focusing on nature based solutions (NBS), we aim to demonstrate the positive value and buffer function that good functioning ecosystems can play to reduce water risks. These links can SPAIN Phone: +34 936 889 150 Avinguda Corts Catalanes 9-11, Office 16E, 08173 Sant Cugat del Vallès (Barcelona), Spain www.smforrajes.es; USA The Gombos Company, LLC Support Office 900 Truxtun Avenue, Suite 210 Bakersfield, CA 93301 Tel: +1 661 327 4508 email@example.com www.TheGombosCompany.com At this time USDA recommends neither for nor against the use of the diets presented. From a water perspective, food trade can be described as the virtual flow of. However, ing countries might not have the capacity or political willingness to curtail powerful, exporting sectors on the basis of environmental constraints, compromising their natu-.
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